Sweet Potato : The Healthy Tuber  

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Introduction  

‘Shakharkhandi’ or Sweet Potato roasted on coal for making some of the nutritious snacks on the earth is a standard sight in Indian households. Tasty and full of antioxidants, candy potato can both be eaten by itself or as a aspect dish. This wholesome and filling snack is a starchy and candy tuberous root defending us from free radicals. Free radicals, as we all know, are linked to the rise of scary ailments like most cancers, coronary heart issues and so forth.   

Sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas) is initially from the tropical areas of America. The orange number of this root vegetable is known as “Yam.” Interestingly, it is extremely totally different from the true yam.  

Sweet potatoes with white or yellowish flesh are sweeter than these with purple, pink, or orange flesh.  

Setting it aside  

This full-of-goodness tuber generally comes with brown pores and skin and orange flesh. It is available in a wide range of sizes and colors purple, orange, pink, yellow, beige, violet, and white.   

Sweet potato is a dicotyledonous plant from “Convolvulaceae” household. It can be in style as “Morning Glory” as a result of its flowers are known as morning glories or “Tuberous Morning Glory”.   

Though common potato and candy potato are each tubers, they aren’t carefully associated.  

Sweet potatoes are more healthy than common potatoes as a result of they’re wealthy in vitamin A and antioxidants.  

Cultivation and harvesting

More than a lakh acres of agricultural land is used to develop candy potatoes. West Bengal, Bihar, Odisha and Uttar Pradesh take the lead in rising these tubers in India. Sweet potatoes are planted with small items of rooted tubers known as slips. The crop takes 120 days to mature after it’s planted. When the tubers mature, the leaves flip yellow. This is the best time to reap these tubers by digging them out.  

Sweet potato is simple to develop and is warmth and drought resistant. It can develop in a wide range of soil, from sandy to loamy. But for finest outcomes, a mix of fertile sandy loamy soil with a superb drainage system works nicely. Light sandy or heavy clay needs to be averted. The pH ought to vary from 5.7-6.eight for finest outcomes. Sweet potato just isn’t affected by pests or ailments.  However, it wants the heat of the solar, and for deep roots, it requires a variety of air house within the soil. Sweet potatoes are very delicate to aluminium toxicity; subsequently, compost or pure fertilizers or manure needs to be used.  

Sowing and irrigation  

It is important to make sure the right irrigation of candy potato. After plantation, they need to be irrigated as soon as in 2 days for about 2 weeks adopted by as soon as every week. Three weeks earlier than harvesting, irrigation needs to be halted. However, candy potato needs to be irrigated two days earlier than harvesting.   

Sweet potatoes needs to be sown in January to February and harvested in April up until July.    

The spacing between the rows needs to be 61cms and between the crops needs to be 32cms. Sowing needs to be 20cms to 25cms deep.  

The root tuber cuttings to be planted needs to be handled roughly eight to 10 minutes earlier than planting to keep away from being contaminated.  

Medicinal worth  

Sweet potatoes are wealthy in fibre, nutritional vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants. It aids in digestion as its excessive phytosterol content material is good for our digestive system. It is thought to stop duodenal and gastric ulcers.  

Sweet potatoes even have a variety of vitamin B and vitamin C. It is excessive in beta- carotene, which helps conversion of vitamin A to will increase absorption. This helps in sustaining a wholesome imaginative and prescient. It can be packed in minerals like iron, calcium and selenium. Anthocyanin-rich purple candy potato is proven to enhance mind perform and has anti-ageing properties.   

The peel of candy potato, particularly the purple selection, is thought to scale back the oxidation course of, subsequently lowering the chance of lung most cancers. This kind additionally induces the expansion of wholesome intestine micro organism. So, it’s advisable to not peel the tuber earlier than cooking it. Just clear and scrub away the filth.  

Nutritional worth:  

Amount – Per 100gms:  

Calories 86  

Sodium 55mg                     

Potassium 337mg             

Total Carbohydrates20 g   

Dietary fibre 3g                  

Sugar 4.2 g  

Protein 1.6 g  

Vitamin A 283%  

Vitamin C 4%  

Calcium 3%     

Iron 3%  

Vitamin B- 6 10 %  

Magnesium 6% 

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